In APA Style, all types of visual displays (other than tables) are considered figures. This includes photographs, screenshots, maps, drawings, charts, diagrams, graphs, infographics, and other illustrations.
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Scroll down to see examples of how to format a Note for information from a web page, book/report, and article. You can also view more information about Figures on the APA website using the link below.
For more copyright attribution and fair use information and examples see pages 384-391, including Tables 12.1 and 12.2, of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition.
There are special requirements for clip art and stock images.
Note. From Title of Web Page by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, Year, Site Name* (URL). Copyright [Date] by Name of Copyright Holder.
*omit the site name when the site name and the author are the same, as is often the case with group authors
Note. From On the Cusp of Adulthood and Facing an Uncertain Future: What We Know About Gen Z So Far by Kim Parker and Ruth Igielnik, 2020, Pew Research Center (https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2020/05/14/on-the-cusp-of-adulthood-and-facing-an-uncertain-future-what-we-know-about-gen-z-so-far-2). Copyright 2020 by Pew Research Center.
Example 2 (author same as site name):
Note. From Streaming Usage Rebounds in May, and The Gauge Welcomes a Third FAST Service by Nielsen, 2023 (https://www.nielsen.com/insights/2023/streaming-usage-rebounds-in-may-and-the-gauge-welcomes-a-third-fast-service). Copyright 2023 by Nielsen.
Example 3 (image in public domain from government website):
Note. From A New View of Life Expectancy by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. (https://www.cdc.gov/surveillance/blogs-stories/life-expectancy.html). In the public domain.
Example 4 (image with Creative Commons license)
Note. From Boston Marathon Finish Line by Greater Boston Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2009, Flikr (https://www.flickr.com/photos/37271742@N07/3439070166). CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
Note. From Title of Book or Report (p. xx) by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, Year, Publisher* (DOI or URL). Copyright [Date] by Name of Copyright Holder.
*omit the publisher when the publisher and the author are the same, as is often the case with group authors
Note: From Energy Drink Production in the US (p. 5) by Arielle Rose, 2023, IBISWorld (https://ibisworld.com). Copyright 2023 by IBISWorld.
Example 2 (author same as publisher):
Note. From Plant-Based Proteins (p. 10) by Mintel, 2020 (https://www.mintel.com). Copyright 2020 by Mintel.
Note. From “Title of Article” by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, Year, Journal Name, volume(number), p. xx (DOI). Copyright [Date] by Name of Copyright Holder.
Note. From “The Impact of COVID-19 on Women’s Physical Activity Behavior and Mental Well-Being” by C. P. Nienhuis & I. A. Lesser, 2021, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(23), p. 9036 (https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239036). Copyright 2021 by MDPI.