Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MBA Researching International Business Guide

Designed for graduate students investigating international business.

Search Tips - Best practices for searching library databases

The Library databases have different search interfaces, but they do share basic search principles. Some of these principles are listed below.

It is good practice to look for the [Advanced Search] option in each database that you use. The advanced search page will usually make it very clear as to how you can control your search using Boolean search techniques, limiters, field searching, etc.

Boolean Searching

Boolean Searching is the cornerstone to an effective search strategy. Boolean searching refers to searching using a combination of words and the three Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT.

AND will make your search smaller. If you are retrieving too many records on your topic, try adding another search term with the operator AND.

For example: chocolate AND Turkey

OR will make your search bigger. If you are retrieving too few records on your topic, try adding another search term with the operator OR.

For example: (confections OR chocolate)

NOT will exclude a word from your search results. If you are retrieving too many records on an unrelated topic, try eliminating a word with the operator NOT.

For example: Turkey NOT Thanksgiving


Phrase Searching

To search for two or more words in the exact order in which they are entered you should enclose the phrase in quotation marks " ".

For example: "return on investment"


Truncation allows you to search the root form of a word with all its different endings by adding a symbol to the end of a word. Truncation symbols vary by database (check the help screens or ask a Librarian), but are usually one of the below:

* (asterisk)
! (exclamation point)
? (question mark)

For example: advertis* will search for advertise, advertisement, advertising, advertises

Field Searching & Limiters

Each database has a variety of predefined fields or limiters that you can search within. Some examples of fields and limiters are:

article title
article abstract
article text
publication title

geographic location
company name
product name
ticker symbol

document type
publication type
scholarly or peer-reviewed

Scholarly and Peer-Reviewed Sources

Has your professor required you to use scholarly or peer-reviewed sources? Here is the basic definition.

Scholarly Publication: A journal that contains articles which have been reviewed by a panel of subject specialists or experts prior to their publication. Another term for a scholarly publication is “peer reviewed”.

If you need any help identifying a scholarly publication, please see your Professor or a Reference Librarian.


Use the Library's "Google Scholar" search tab at to find scholarly journal articles available through the Bentley Library.

Access Tip: If you find a citation to an article restricted behind a paywall, try accessing that same journal from the "Journals Finder" search tab at