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MK735 - Spring 2023 (Flynn)

This research guide has been created for students taking MK735 with Professor Erin Flynn during the Spring 2023 semester.

Module 1: Required Readings

The items listed below are required reading/viewing for Module 1. You are strongly encouraged to source additional readings on the topics of critical race theory and the history of land conservation using the databases listed on this research guide.

George, J. (2021, January 11). A lesson on critical race theory. Human Rights Magazine, 46(2).

Iati, M. (May, 2021). What is critical race theory and why do Republicans want to ban it in schools? Washington Post.  [library access]

Martinez, A. (2022). Why critical race theory matters. Ethnic Studies Review, 45(1). 23-32.  [library access]

Merchant, C. (2003). Shades of darkness: Race and environmental history. Environmental History8(3), 380-394.  [library access]

Mowatt, R. A. (2020). A people’s history of leisure studies: The great race and the National Parks and U.S. Forests. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 38(3), 152–172.  [library access]

O'Brien, W. E., & Njambi, W. N. (2012). Marginal voices in "wild" America: Race, ethnicity, gender, and "nature" in The National Parks. The Journal of American Culture35(1), 15-25.  [library access]

Washington Post. (2021, July 13). Critical race theory: Experts break down what it actually means [Video]. YouTube.

Module 1: Suggested Additional Readings - Critical Race Theory (CRT)

CRT - Articles from specialized encyclopedias and reference books (for background & context)

Crenshaw K. W., Gotanda, N., Peller, G., & Thomas, K. (2000). Critical race theory. In L. W. Levy & K. L. Karst (Eds.), Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (2nd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 726-728). Macmillan Reference USA. [library access]

Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J. (2005). Critical race theory. In M. C. Horowitz (Ed.), New dictionary of the history of ideas (Vol. 2, pp. 501-507). Charles Scribner's Sons. [library access]

Harris, A. P. (2015). Critical race theory. In International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (pp. 266–270). Elsevier. [library access]

CRT - Books and Articles

Bell, D. A. (1995). David C. Baum Memorial Lecture: Who's afraid of critical race theory? University of Illinois Law Review, 1995, 893. [library access]

Bonilla-Silva. E. (2018). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America (5th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. [library access - print book] and [library access - ebook]

Crenshaw, K. W. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989(1).

Crenshaw, K. W. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241–1299. [library access]

Crenshaw, K. W. (2011). Twenty years of critical race theory: Looking back to move forward. Connecticut Law Review, 43(5), 1253–1352. 

Crenshaw, K., Gotanda, N., Peller, G., & Thomas, K. (Eds.). (1995). Critical race theory: The key writings that formed the movement. New York Times: the New Press. [library access print book On Reserve - 7 day loan]

Crenshaw, K. M., Harris, L. C., HoSang, D., & Lipsitz, G. (Eds.). (2019). Seeing race again: Countering colorblindness across the disciplines. University of California Press. [library access print book On Reserve - 7 day loan]

Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J. (2017). Critical race theory: An introduction (3rd ed.). New York University Press. [library access print book On Reserve - 7 day loan] and [library access ebook]

Module 1 Suggested Additional Readings - History of Conservation in the U.S.

History of Conservation - Books & Articles:

Asmelash, L. (2021, December 14). Outdoor recreation has historically excluded people of color. That’s beginning to change. CNN.

Brune, M. (2020, July 22). Pulling down our monuments. Sierra Club.

Child, B. J. (2011). The absence of Indigenous histories in Ken Burns’s The National Parks: America’s Best Idea. The Public Historian, 33(2), 24–29.  [library access]

Cronon, W. (1996). The trouble with wilderness: Or, getting back to the wrong nature. Environmental History, 1(1), 7–28. [library access

Jacoby, K. (2011). Ken Burns gone wild: Naturalizing the nation in The National Parks: America’s Best Idea. The Public Historian, 33(2), 19–23.  [library access] 

Kashwan, P. (2020, September 2). American environmentalism’s racist roots have shaped global thinking about conservation. The Conversation.

Mock, B. (2016, August 26). The U.S. National Park Service grapples with its racist origins. Bloomberg.

Ott, C. (2011). A visual critique of Ken Burns’s The National Parks: America’s Best Idea. The Public Historian, 33(2), 30–36. [library access] 

Rose, J., Pitt, A., Verbos, R., & Weller, L. (2022). Incorporating movements for racial justice into planning and management of U.S. National Parks. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 40(1), 44–60.  [library access

Solnit, R. (2021, March 2). John Muir in Native America. Sierra.

Taylor, D. E. (1997). American environmentalism: The role of race, class and gender in shaping activism 1820-1995. Race, Gender & Class, 5(1), 16-32.  [library access

Taylor, D. E. (2016). The rise of the American conservation movement: Power, privilege, and environmental protection. Duke University Press. [library access ebook]

Taylor, D. E. (2022. January 10). Toppling the monument to silence: Racism and the founding fathers of environmental organizations. NPQ.

Treuer, D. (2021). Return the National Parks to the Tribes. Atlantic, 327(4), 30–45.  [library access

Book Chapters:

Chapters 1 & 2 of this ebook may be useful:

Spence, M. D. (1999). Dispossessing the wilderness: Indian removal and the making of the National Parks. Oxford University Press. [library access ebook