Skip to main content

AC:701 & AC:421 Internship For Credit (Pr. Osterheld): APA In-text Citation Examples

This research guide is designed to help AC:701 & AC:421 students find and identify high quality sources for their research projects.

Citation Guides & Examples (Online)

We highly recommend the following online style guide web sites: 

Citation Guides & Examples (Hardcopy)

The following citation & style manuals are available at the library's Reference Desk. They provide guidelines for formatting your paper and citing your resources in APA Style.

In-text Citation: APA Style Guidelines

An in-text citation is needed when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list of the paper.

Basic guidelines for in-text citation:

  • APA format uses the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name (or corporate author’s name) and the year of publication should appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
  • In-text for citations for quotations should also include a page number.


Three examples of in-text citation when paraphrasing:

According to MarketLine (2016), Herman Miller is competing with several manufacturers that have greater resources and sales.

In 2013, Smith's study of undergraduate college students in the Northeast found that...

Successful engagement in the flipped classroom is dependent upon early buy-in from students (Gilboy, Heinerichs & Pazzaglia, 2015).


Two examples of in-text citation of a direct quotation:

In fact, “the cradle-to-cradle system is an example of a ‘goal-driven’ approach to addressing environmental problems” (Rossi, Charon, Wing & Ewell, 2006, p. 194).

Gardner (1999) writes, "Whereas Socrates saw man as the rational animal and Freud stressed the irrationality of human beings, I (with due tentativeness) have described human beings as those organisms who possess a basic set of seven, eight, or a dozen intelligences" (p. 44).